Azure WAF set Custom rule Header name

WAF_v2 in Azure's Application Gateway is quite strong tool how to work with incoming traffic on web app. I had to do some exception on traffic filtering based on HTTP headers and use AZ CLI for that.

Structure of work is following: Application Gateway WAF policy set Match variable RequestHeaders correct Header name. There is no direct command under creation sequence of az network application-gateway waf-policy custom-rule create AND az network application-gateway waf-policy custom-rule match-condition add.

You can check existing settings with get command:

az network application-gateway waf-policy custom-rule show --name <RULE_NAME> --policy-name <WAF_NAME> -g <RG> --query matchConditions[].matchVariables -o tsv

To do a change you need to use following set command:

az network application-gateway waf-policy custom-rule update --name <RULE_NAME> --policy-name <WAF_NAME> --set matchConditions[0].matchVariables[0].selector=Referer

After that review the change again and that's all.


Azure VM start failure KeyVault does not exist

Long time ago I migrated Azure virtual machine from classic model to ARM and later cleaned leftover items like machine specific Key Vault object. I didn't notify reference in current configuration, so one day I deallocated the VM I got error message.

Start VM 'Failed' - Provisioning Failed, Key Vault Does Not Exist

I couldn't recognize the problem, so I went to resources.azure.com and there under osProfile found reference to my deleted keyvault. 

My first (and wrong) idea was to change that value to some random and existing keyvault, so I collect original values by command

az vm show -g <RG> --name <VM> --query osProfile.secrets[].sourceVault.id -o tsv
az vm show -g <RG> --name <VM> --query osProfile.secrets[].vaultCertificates[].certificateUrl -o tsv

I tried to update them by calling

az vm update -g <RG> --name <VM> --set osProfile.secrets[0].vaultCertificates[0].certificateUrl=https://<VAULTNAME>.vault.azure.net/secrets/<NAME>/<ID>

but then I got error "Failed to start virtual machine. Error: The data retrieved from is not deserializable into JSON." I guess because the page itself was showing "{"error":{"code":"Unauthorized","message":"AKV10000: Request is missing a Bearer or PoP token."}}"

So this was a wrong way. I found correct command to remove those messages after some browsing on internet and it was:

Get-AzureRmVM -ResourceGroupName "<RG>" -Name "<VM>" | Remove-AzureRmVMSecret | Update-AzureRmVM

My virtual machine was able to start again after the mentioned steps. Note: there was also invalid value in osProfile.windowsConfiguration.winRm.listeners[].certificateUrl but this one has no problem for virtual machine start and just blocking WinRM functionality I guess.

I hope it helped a bit.